Claude \c-lau-de\ as a boy's name (also used as girl's name Claude), is pronounced klawd. It is of Latin origin, and the meaning of Claude is "lame". Roman clan name. Claudius was the Roman emperor who succeeded Caligula. Saint Claudius (third century) was a Roman tribune who converted to Christianity. Popular in France (where it is sometimes used as a girl's name) due to the fame of seventh-century Saint Claude of Besan?. Claud is the anglicized form. Painter Claude Monet; composer Claude Debussy; Congressman Claude Pepper; actor Claude Rains.