Joshua \j(o)-shua\ as a boy's name is pronounced JOSH-yoo-ah. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Joshua is "Jehovah is salvation". Short form of Jehoshua. Biblical: Joshua was an attendant and helper to Moses during the Israelites' 40-year trek through the Sinai wilderness. He was appointed by God to lead the Israelites after the death of Moses. Josue is a Spanish form. Painter Joshua Reynolds; director Joshua Logan; actors Josh Lucas, Josh Hartnett.