Lemuel \l(e)-muel\ as a boy's name is pronounced LEM-yoo-el. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Lemuel is "belonging to God". Biblical: a king mentioned in Proverbs 31 who was given a detailed description of the value and capabilities of a good wife. Literary: Lemuel Gulliver of Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's Travels". The name was revived from around 1840.