Roman \r(o)-man\ as a boy's name is pronounced roh-MAHN, ROH-mun. It is of Latin origin, and the meaning of Roman is "citizen of Rome". Variant of Romanus; the name of several obscure saints and a pope. Rome was the center of the Roman Catholic faith. In the ancient world, Roman citizenship represented an ideal standard of rectitude and courage. Even as the Imperial declined, the ideals of Roman citizenship remained to rebuke those responsible and to inspire those who opposed them. Romain is a French form. Film director Roman Polanski; author Romain Gary.