Elijah \e-li-jah\ as a boy's name is pronounced ee-LYE-jah. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Elijah is "the Lord is my God". From Eliyahu. Biblical: Elijah was a great prophet of Israel. The Book of Kings describes many miracles performed for and by him. The name is often given to Jewish boys born during Passover. It is recently used among Black Muslims. See also Elias, Elliot, Ellis, and Ilya. Film director Elia Kazan; actor Elijah Wood.